This second project had two specific demands. It first intended to provide an academic framework for productive discussion involving professional and would-be translators, teachers and MA or PhD students interested in disseminating the results of their research. Secondly, the project was developed in order to show how research in these fields was prepared to meet the challenges of the globalizing imperatives at the beginning of the twenty-first century, and how the local background has managed to adapt to these challenges.
The publication of the volume was possible thanks to the financial support of A. Agenţia Naţională pentru Cercetare Ştiinţifică — the National Agency for Scientific Research that was subsequent to a national project hallmark slimming tea. Although the initial purpose of the conference was to focus on translation studies exclusively, the organizing committee were open to suggestions and accepted other topics as well.
This allowed to expand the conference scientific profile creating an opportunity for younger researchers to present, describe, disseminate and, thus, submit the results of their scientific quest or exploration to other more experienced specialists for discussion, suggestions and eventually recommendations for further reading. The conference proceedings developed in both plenary and concurrent sessions. To observe the financing contract terms, the first plenary session of the conference had as a main goal to offer a description of the research activity performed by the members of the above mentioned research centre.
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- Play Music, photo exhibitions, traditional dances, presentations of Palestinian traditional costumes and authentic gastronomy are included in the schedule of the first edition of the Palestinian Culture Days, an event which will be held as of Friday until Sunday, in the premises and courtyard of the Romanian Peasant Museum.
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The presentations referred to the involvement of the Galaţi team in international collaborations that were introduced to the participants in their chronological order. Thus, Professor Floriana Popescu, Ph. D, pointed out several basic elements of the transnational cooperation project, E. The project represented the first international involvement in the creation of a thematic network, it was coordinated by the University of Applied Sciences in Köln, Germany www.
The research carried out by the members of the Galaţi English Department explored gender studies, on the one hand, and aspects regarding minorities in Romania, in general, and the Roma minority in Romania, in particular, on the other.
The contributions were presented in international conferences which took place in Germany KölnPortugal Coimbra and Sweden Malmo. The project managers are still doing their best to get European financial support to continue expanding the thematic network.
The second major project has been developed within the FP6 international cooperation framework and focuses on possibilities of better knowing, understanding and tolerating a wide diversity of subcultural groups. The task of the Galaţi team has been the exploration of the Romanian hip-hop subculture and of the possible consequences of the phenomenon upon the Romanian society. Six specific areas make the subject of research within this FP7 project starting from February 1,namely representations of national identity in the media, education, urban social spaces and movements, religion, intercultural violence, and mixed and transnational families.
Thus, the Galaţi team hallmark slimming tea take an active part in favouring significant changes for the better of the mentalities and practices related to women migrants and to their influence on the cultural heritage of Europe in the twenty-first century. Project site: www. Galaţi, Romania focusing on English culture and translation studies and Romance cultures and translation studies French, Italian and Romanian.
After the scientific committee refereed the contributions, most of them were accepted to be included in this proceedings volume, structured on the same four sections to be found in what follows.
The contributions delivered in French, Romanian and Italian have their titles preserved, but in order to create for the English readership an outline of the topics discussed in each of the papers, excerpts from the abstracts accompanying the conference participation offers were selected and are available in the following section of this foreword.
For a possible further exchange of ideas after reading the papers, each participant will have the e-mail address added to the name. A tiny bio i. Within the English culture and translation studies framework, 26 papers were accepted for publication, and they pierde greutatea în coreea various research interests, spanning mainly fields of translation studies, where translation is to be both literally and figuratively understood, but also topics dealing with English language teaching, problems of interpreting, aspects of contrastive analysis, of intercultural communication and many others.
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The period the presented research covers is that between the year in which the first translation was registered and the year of the Romanian Revolution. Particular interest is taken in the set of data offered by the books the authors could find in libraries, on the one hand, and by the newspapers and the magazines that appeared during that period, on the other. The analysis of this kind of information, in which bibliographical and critical references belonging to hallmark slimming tea same period are skillfully exploited, lends increased originality to the paper.
Elena Bonta, Ph. Thus, the reader has to be a connoisseur of the feminist postmodernism, hence a speaker of a specific language, i. Violeta Chirea works as a teacher of English at the Primary School of Braniştea, Galaţi; contact: violetachirea yahoo.
Carmen Ciobanu, Ph. Order and control in the courtroom is maintained primarily through language. The court exercises tight control over communication determining who may speak and when, what may be asked, of whom and how. Since interpreters have power over language, lawyers have consciously regulated and constrained their role inside and outside courtrooms. This has been achieved by imposing or better said constructing a narrow role for interpreters as neutral machines.
Quoting recent studies on interpretation theory which indicate that any sort of interpreting is slimming chilli more complex than a mere transfer of words from the source language to the target language, Violeta Chirea emphasises that, in fact, the task of a court hallmark slimming tea is rendered particularly difficult by its dependence, manifest throughout the process of decoding, abstracting, and encoding, on the gap between different legal systems and the hidden agendas often associated with lawsuits.
Consequently, the conclusion the paper seems to reach is that court interpreters must master not only the techniques of interpreting and a wide range of registers in all their working languages, but also the complexities of the different legal systems and specialized terms employed by judges and attorneys in those languages.
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In a century essentially characterised by the relativization of hierarchies and the intensive circulation of both people and ideas across national boundaries, hallmark slimming tea functioned successfully as means of establishing interrelations between different cultural spaces.
Their role in the spreading out and the subsequent development, along culture-specific lines, of narrative patterns was acknowledged, though not systematically theorised. Gabriela Iuliana Colipcă, Ph. So, readers are encouraged to reflect on their own culture in relation to others as a way of establishing interculturality. Elena Croitoru, Ph.
Galaţi, Romania Gabriela Dima offers her insights into Lexicography, Translation and Dictionary Use, starting from a suggestive image according to which the three domains enumerated in the paper title act like pawns working for the kingdom of WORDS. Even if their duties might seem distinct at first, their movements converge towards one and the same goal: to fulfil communication through understanding and to implement it through words.
Relevant illustrations from various fields sustained hallmark slimming tea necessary theoretical considerations are at the core of the paper.
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Gabriela Dima, Ph. Expressed by nouns, notions are the new elements to work with, and the fundamental forms of human thinking which reflect pierderea în greutate camp chennai, essential and necessary features of a class of objects.
Their choice, in the process of selection and expression of human thinking, means an option, or a remark, related to a certain existence. Mihaela Dumitriu, Ph.
To sustain this thesis, the author proceeds to a three-fold approach. Firstly, she outlines the major contributions which have succeeded in developing a theory of cognitive models capable of dealing with abstract concepts as well. Secondly, she describes the specificity of abstract entities versus concrete ones, both from the grammatical perspective and from the acquisition perspective. Diana Ioniţă, Ph. Leaving aside cases of similarity in the structure and meaning of passive constructions, the approach considers only some of the difficult situations in which such constructions occur.
The author admits that difficulties brought about by the passive constructions have been the core of many debates among linguists hallmark slimming tea many countries of the world, belonging to different linguistic hallmark slimming tea and to various trends, and drawing on this background, she chooses to focus on the types of passive constructions commonly used in the law hallmark slimming tea in order to clarify their peculiarities and special uses.
Carmen Maftei, Ph. The author states that teaching a foreign language has always been considered to be an incredibly challenging task, especially in those situations in which the foreign language to be taught and the native language of the speaker s are significantly different from each other.
For instance, verb categories such as mood, tense, aspect and number, are absent in Chinese. Moreover, the distinction between notional, auxiliary and semi-auxiliary verbs is of utmost importance, due to the fact that certain verbs may have a different status in different contexts e.
Teaching English verbs to elementary Chinese students is even more challenging.
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If teenagers and adults have enough experience to understand that there is a great variety of languages functioning in different ways, 7 year-old children cannot grasp the hallmark slimming tea of the mechanisms behind a given hallmark slimming tea system. Iulian Mardar is a teacher at a primary school and a first year master student, specializing in Translation and Interpretation; contact: iulian yahoo.
To achieve this end, the author considers that the theoretical preliminaries call attention to the difficulties of literary translation and presents several aspects of the cognitive approach to metaphor, seen as relevant for her study.
Commenting on the un translatability of the metaphor of light, the author eventually tries to prove how the process of translation and the understanding of the message encoded in a literary text are in close connection providing appropriate examples from the Woolfian text.
Cristina Mălinoiu is a second year master student, specializing in Translation and Interpretation; contact: malinoiuc yahoo. Among the twelve plays produced by the company between andfive engaged with the politics of translation, either as theme, or adaptation of canonised texts in the history of European theatre.
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Ioana Mohor-Ivan, Ph. Mariana Neagu, Ph. The professional business sector — and more specifically the banking business — is one of the many areas which require multilingual and multicultural communication, hence the inevitable presence of translators and interpreters as experts during the business activities.
From daily meetings to more organized occasions, from draft papers to legal documents, translation and interpreting are required to a great extent for the sake of accurate and misunderstanding-free communication as well as for the smooth exchange of information and ideas.
The author questions whether this means that the time of the professional translators and interpreters as specialists has finally come in the field of business interaction and communication between different banks from different cultures and languages.
She equally wonders whether banks acquired by larger banking trusts resort to 11 the professional assistance of translators and interpreters as individuals with expertise in this specific field, be it hallmark slimming tea translation of documents, directions or the interpreting provided on any hallmark slimming tea occasion. For practical illustration of her viewpoint, she embarks upon subq fat burner review general overview of the current Turkish banking platform in terms of mergers and acquisitions in process and she describes the level of importance attached to the acts and professions of hallmark slimming tea and interpreting by specifically considering the cases of three major actors in the Turkish banking slim4vit ebay sector, namely the Turkish Economy Bank TEBYapı Kredi Bank YKB and Finansbank.
Ligia Pîrvu, Ph. Nevertheless, its definition, significance, and applicability within the domain masaba gupta pierdere în greutate vogue translation theory have been the source of impassioned debate, and various theories of the concept of equivalence have been elaborated in the past fifty years.
Ioan-Lucian Popa, Ph. Eponyms, as a productive word-creating resource, may generate difficulties in the translation process, when Hallmark slimming tea is the target language. Difficulties originate in the fact that eponyms are being created instantly, as results of contributions belonging to great personalities, famous in the Anglo-American world, but maybe less known to Romanian translators.
The degree of eponym recentness also results in their not being included even in the latest and updated versions of general or encyclopedic dictionaries.
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As a consequence, translators need either to rely on monolingual specialized dictionaries or to spend long hours in front of their computers trying to solve the enigma created by personal nouns attached as determiners to laws, acts, procedures, etc.
Floriana Popescu, Ph. Galaţi, Romania point in the application of amelioration strategies aimed to improve hallmark slimming tea written English competence of the tested learners. Teodora Popescu, Ph.